The sleep-hormone/weight gain dynamic is more complex for women than men due to monthly hormonal shifts associated with menstruation. A poll from the National Sleep Foundation found that more than 70 percent of menstruating women experience disturbed sleep.
The female hormones estrogen and progesterone both have crucial functions in relation to sleep and weight loss. Estrogen increases REM sleep while progesterone, a sleep-promoting hormone, is also known for increasing appetite. The combination of the hormonal fluctuation affects sleep, appetite, and energy levels during each phase of a woman’s menstrual cycle.
Drink enough water - Drinking more fluids will help the body flush out excess sodium which may reduce bloating and discomfort.
Take calcium supplements - Research has shown that a 1200 milligram daily calcium supplement can reduce PMS symptoms by 50 percent.
Take magnesium supplements - Magnesium increases the body’s production of serotonin, a calming hormone. In combination with calcium, magnesium is a muscle relaxant which can soothe cramps and other physical aches and pains.